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Messerschmitt

Date: 2019-11-20 09:53:25 Visits: 1458

       Messerschmitt AG is a well-known German aircraft manufacturer. The aircraft developed has outstanding performance in World War II, such as the Bf-109 fighter and the Me-262 fighter. The company continued to operate after the war and merged with Aerospatiale Matra (also known as French Aerospace) and DaimlerChrysler Aerospace AG to become the European Aeronautic Defence (European Aeronautic Defence). and Space Company EADS NV (EADS)

       Background
       Messerschmitt was formerly known as the Bayerische Flugzeugwerke AG (BFW). [1] In February 1916, MAN AG and several banks bought the Otto-Flugzeugwerke, which was underperforming at the time, and renamed it the Bavarian Aircraft Company. Because of the First World War, BFW immediately invested in aircraft manufacturing and developed fighters for Prussia and Bavaria. However, there are many major quality issues. German pilots often complain that the aircraft produced by BFW have many serious flaws. Only when the company was managed and rebuilt and strengthened its supervision of the production line at the end of 1916, the problem was successfully reduced. Since then, BFW has started to manufacture 200 aircraft per month, and the company''s employees have grown to 3,000, making it the largest aircraft manufacturer in the Bavarian region.




       The end of the war has severely affected BFW''s business, as the demand for military aircraft has been greatly reduced. The company''s management is forced to find other products to maintain their position in the industry. Most of the fighters produced in World War I were made of wood. Because wood is lighter than metal, BFW also has the most advanced wood factory. More importantly, the company still has the raw materials that can produce about 200 aircraft, and the value of raw materials is even up to 4.7 million empire marks. So using existing resources to produce furniture and kitchen equipment seems like a good idea. In addition, after 1921, BFW began to manufacture its own motorcycles.



       In the fall of 1921, the Austrian financier Camillo Castiglioni publicly expressed his interest in the acquisition of the Bavarian aircraft manufacturer. When most of the shareholders accepted his offer, MAN wanted to keep a certain share, but the financier wanted to buy the company completely. Castiglioni received strong support from Franz-Josef Popp, general manager of Bayerische Motoren Werke (BMW). Papp once wrote to the president of MAN: "A dead factory, it has no noticeable places, but there are many ruined wooden workshops that are completely unsuitable for industrial production and look at them. There is no way to get people to work hard." After several rounds of negotiations, MAN finally gave up all the shares of BFW in the fall of 1922. In May of the same year, when the Italian-born financier bought BMW, no one could block the merger of the Bavarian aircraft manufacturer and the Bavarian machinery factory.


       Rise from the ashes

      The Bavarian aircraft factory was reorganized in 1926 in Augsburg, Bavaria. At the time, BMW also held a significant portion of the company''s stake, and Franz Joseph Papp was the company''s director.
      In 1927, Willie Messerschmit joined the company as chief designer and chief engineer.




       In the first few designs, the results of the Messerschmitt M20 were tragic for designers and companies. Several prototypes crashed in the event of an accident. One of the accidents took Hans Huckman’s life. He was a close friend of Lufthansa and the head of the German Imperial Aviation Department, Al Hart Mirch. Milchi was angry at Messerschmitt’s indifferent attitude, which led him to hate the pioneer of the aviation industry in the future. Milli eventually canceled all the contracts concerning Messerschmitt, so that the company had to apply for a bankruptcy in 1933. However, because of the reorganization of armaments in Germany and the friendship with Hugo Junker, Willie Messerschmitt did not stagnate in his career. He led the BFW to re-energize in 1933. Although Milli blocked the footsteps of Willie Messerschmit as much as possible, the legendary aviation designer took over the company in 1938.



       Dr. Messerschmidt advocates a concept called "light weight structure." Under this concept, many load-bearing objects are integrated into a strengthened hardware. This can reduce a lot of weight and enhance performance. The first aircraft designed according to this concept was the "Bf 108 Typhoon", which immediately created many flight records. Because of this outstanding performance, the Bavarian aircraft factory was invited by the German authorities. Willie Messerschmidt designed the Bf 109 fighter with the Bf 108 typhoon and won the German Air Force''s competition in 1935.



       Since then, Messerschmitt has become the new darling of Nazi Germany. On July 11, 1938, the Bavarian Aircraft Factory was reintegrated into Messerschmitt AG. So far, the abbreviation of the aircraft name has changed from the original "Bf" (abbreviation of the Bavarian Aircraft Factory) to "Me" (short for Messerschmitt).


       World War II

       In the Second World War, Messerschmitt became the main aircraft supplier of the German Air Force, providing aircraft including the famous Bf 109 fighter and Bf 110 fighter jets, which became the backbone of German airpower. There are other models such as the Me 321 glider transporter and the later six-engine version of the Me 323 transport aircraft. When the war progressed to the second half, Messerschmitt turned to the development of a jet-powered aircraft and developed the first operational jet fighter, the Me 262 fighter. The company also manufactures a rocket-driven aircraft, the Me 163 fighter "Star" developed by the German Glider Institute (German: Deutsche Forschungsanstalt für Segelflug) (German: Komet)
       Messerschmitt also has several relatively failed works, such as the Me 210 heavy fighter. The aircraft, which was supposed to replace the Bf 110 fighter, was disbanded because of its own shortcomings. It was not until the emergence of the Me 410 heavy fighter that the problem was solved, but soon Messerschmitt focused on the production of the Me 264. At the end of the war, Messerschmitt also set out to develop a Me 264 bomber called "Booming America."